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Research Process Glossary
- Annotated Bibliography - a bibliography that includes a summary and/or evaluation of each of the sources. Depending on your project or the assignment, your annotations may serve as a summary, an assessment and/or evaluation of your sources.
- Backward links - a Google Toolbar option that shows which pages link to the page being viewed
- Bibliography - a list of sources (books, journals, websites, periodicals, etc.) used for researching a topic. Bibliographies are sometimes called "references" or "works cited" depending on the style format you are using. A bibliography usually just includes the bibliographic information (i.e., the author, title, publisher, etc.)
- Boolean logic - a system developed by English mathematician George Boole in the mid-19th century which was instrumental in the development of computers and search engines. A Boolean search uses AND, OR and NOT (the primary operators of Boolean logic) to limit and refine a search. (Vikings NOT football, china AND dishes) A VENN Diagram can help illustrate how AND, OR and NOT work. See http://kathyschrock.net/rbs3k/boolean
- Brainstorm - to find solutions to a challenge or problem by spontaneously generating a variety of possible solutions, either individually or in a group.
- Browser - the program that serves as your front end to the Web on the Internet. In order to view a site, you type its address (URL) into the browser's Location field.
- Citation - a reference to a book, article, web page or other published item (with sufficient details to uniquely identify the item) for the purpose of giving credit to the creator of the information.
- Cite - to give credit to the creator of an original work
- Clip - a short piece of a film or video
- Copyright - the legal right to reproduce, publish, or sell the contents and form of a literary, musical, or artistic work. Works protected by copyright require the permission of the creator for their use. Fair use allows for limited use for educational purposes. See Fair use guidelines for details.
- Fair use - the allowable use of limited amounts of a copyrighted work for the purpose of criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, or research.
- Hypothesis - something not proved, but assumed to be true, for purposes of argument or further study or investigation
- Inspiration™ - a concept mapping product
- Keyword - a word or words related to your topic that will help you find information when conducting a search. You will want to use more than one keyword in order to find the best information. (i.e. teen, youth, adolescent) Do a Keyword search when:
- Your term is jargon, very new, or very distinctive. (i.e. skate sailing, cyberspace, phishing)
- You do not know the exact title or author of the item.
- A variety of terms describes the topic. (i.e. ecology of wolves in Denali National Park)
- You need to retrieve information on two or more topics (i.e. rabbits OR hares, dogs OR canines)
- If you don't know what the subject heading is, do a keyword first, then look at the subject headings.
- More than one discipline is involved (i.e. statistics AND agriculture)
- You know two or three words that appear somewhere in the title.
- You want to exclude documents about your topic. (i.e. gold AND mining NOT Alaska)
- PageRank™ - the priority given to the placement of a link on the results page of a Web search. Page ranking is the foundation of the Google search engine, which prioritizes links based on how many other popular sites link to them.
- Plagiarism - using the ideas, language or work of another person without giving them credit.
- Popular vs. scholarly - the difference between shorter articles written for the general public (popular) and longer, more authoritative articles written by and for academic experts
- PowerPoint™ - a Microsoft application used to create presentations and slides, and to illustrate speeches. The term PowerPoint is often used to refer to electronic slide presentations created with other applications such as Keynote.
- Primary vs. secondary - original artwork, documents, records or research as opposed to resources created by analyzing or interpreting primary sources. (Original paintings vs. a book about the paintings)
- Public domain - art, literature, photographs, or music that is available for use by anyone, without cost, because the material has not been copyrighted or because the copyright has expired
- Revise - to make a new, improved or up-to-date version of
- Search engine - Software that searches for data based on specific criteria or a web site that maintains an index and short summaries of billions of pages on the Web. Search engines can differ dramatically in the way they find and index the material on the Web, and in the way they search indexes from the user's query. Every Web search engine site uses a search engine that it has either developed itself or has purchased from a third party
- Serif font - Type with short horizontal lines added to the tops and bottoms of the letters, such as Times Roman. Considered to be more readable than sans-serif fonts (those without any embellishments) such as Arial.
- Still photo - an image created with a camera without movement or sound
- Storyboard - a panel, or series of panels, of rough sketches outlining the scene sequence, major action or plot to be shot on film or video.
- Style manual - a reference book that outlines common rules of usage for writers. Elements of Style, written by William Strunk Jr. in 1918 is the classic of this type and still very popular.
- Subject headings - specific words or phrases used to describe the contents of an article or publication. These terms form a controlled vocabulary that is consistently used to categorize and reference materials in a catalog or index. Materials in libraries are categorized according to standard subject headings assigned by experts.
- Subject searches - searching for information on your topic using specific words from the controlled vocabulary in the subject field. These words are assigned by experts in order to systematically organize the information in a database. A subject search will minimize the number of false hits you receive when conducting your search. Do a subject search when:
- You want to retrieve all items in the database on your topic.
- Looking for information on a broad topic. (i.e. weather)
- Looking for information about something, someone, or someplace.
- You want documents about your topic but the topic is not explicitly expressed in the bibliographic record, except for in the subject headings assigned to them.
- Looking for a poorly defined topic. You might browse the list of subject headings in the database or do a keyword search first and then look at the subject headings.
- Looking for information represented by a term that has many meanings and can occur in various contexts (i.e. management). Browse the "subject search results" list to help narrow or define the topic.
- Summary - a short statement of the main points of a conversation, lesson, movie, presentation, or story.
- Take - a filmed version of a particular shot. Takes are generally numbered take one, take two, etc.
- Thesis - an essay that uses research to argue and support an original or particular point of view.
- Thesis statement - a clear, concise statement that requires proof, in the form of evidence or documentation. The statement asserts something that must be proved. A simple fact is not a thesis statement.